In the 1st verses of Bereshit Genesis, God creates light and “there was night and early morning, the very first day.” (Genesis 1:5) The rabbis reasoned that when the Torah, this product of divine revelation, stated that the very first time began with night, that have to have now been God’s intention, for “days” to begin with at sunset. Then when the sky is streaked utilizing the diminishing Friday sunshine, in Jewish houses all over the world, candles are illuminated, blessings are stated and Shabbat is welcomed. As well as in synagogues, the Friday Ma’ariv solution starts with a few hymns, Psalms, and blessings collectively called Kabbalat Shabbat/ Welcoming the Sabbath.
A Kaddish said after learning in a group, in honor of our teachers in orthodox congregations, Kabbalat Shabbat consists of Psalms 95 through 99, Psalm 29, the hymn Lecha Dodi, Come my beloved, Psalms 92 and 93, a lengthy reading from the Talmud passages governing the Sabbath, placed here to separate Kabbalat Shabbat from Ma’ariv, and both the Mourner’s Kaddish and Kaddish de-Rabanan. Continue reading article